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(VB.NET) Get Ed25519 Key in Different Formats

Demonstrates how to get/save an Ed25519 private key to different formats.

Converting a private key from one format to another is done by loading in one format and saving/getting in another.

Note: This example requires Chilkat v9.5.0.83 or greater.

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' This example assumes the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
' See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

Dim eddsa As New Chilkat.EdDSA
Dim prng As New Chilkat.Prng
Dim privKey As New Chilkat.PrivateKey

' Generates a new ed25519 key and stores it in privKey.
Dim success As Boolean = eddsa.GenEd25519Key(prng,privKey)
If (success = False) Then
    Debug.WriteLine(eddsa.LastErrorText)
    Exit Sub
End If


' ----------------------------------------------------------
' Ed25519 PKCS1 format
' 
' This is the format created by:  openssl genpkey -algorithm X25519 -out xkey.pem
Dim pkcs1Base64 As String = privKey.GetPkcs1ENC("base64")
Debug.WriteLine(pkcs1Base64)

' Sample output:  MC4CAQAwBQYDK2VuBCIEIB1mwirs+eC6XGbkjPIiZyBwQ7768uSd9v5PHOLFbIXo

' PKCS1 is a binary ASN.1 DER format.  You can examine the contents with two online tools:
' 1) Go to ASN.1 Decoder  and paste the base64 into the online form.
' 2) Or Decode Base64 ASN.1 to XML 

' The PKCS1 ASN.1 format for an Ed25519 key look like this:
'   SEQUENCE
'     INTEGER 0
'     SEQUENCE
'       OBJECT IDENTIFIER 1.3.101.110 curveX25519 (ECDH 25519 key agreement algorithm)
'     OCTET STRING 
'       OCTET STRING (32 byte) 1D66C...

' Save it directly to a file.
success = privKey.SavePkcs1File("qa_output/ed25519.key")

' ----------------------------------------------------------
' Ed25519 Unencrypted PKCS8 format
' 
' For ed25519, the ASN.1 output is the same as for PKCS1.
Dim pkcs8Base64 As String = privKey.GetPkcs8ENC("base64")
Debug.WriteLine(pkcs8Base64)

' PKCS8 is a binary ASN.1 DER format.  You can examine the contents with two online tools:
' 1) Go to ASN.1 Decoder  and paste the base64 into the online form.
' 2) Or Decode Base64 ASN.1 to XML 

' ----------------------------------------------------------
' Ed25519 Encrypted PKCS8 format
' 
' Note: The encrypted output cannot be examined using the above online tools because the ASN.1 is encrypted.
Dim password As String = "secret"
Dim pkcs8EncBase64 As String = privKey.GetPkcs8EncryptedENC("base64",password)
Debug.WriteLine(pkcs8EncBase64)

' ----------------------------------------------------------
' Ed25519 in PEM format:
' 
Dim ed25519Pem As String = privKey.GetPkcs1Pem()
Debug.WriteLine(ed25519Pem)

' Sample output:

' -----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----
' MC4CAQAwBQYDK2VuBCIEIOKPhbULJagBAi7hbRdn1f4AAzh1RqqCHqCAvau7N6yO
' -----END PRIVATE KEY-----

' ----------------------------------------------------------
' Ed25519 in JWK Format
' 
Dim jwk As String = privKey.GetJwk()

Dim json As New Chilkat.JsonObject
json.Load(jwk)
json.EmitCompact = False
Debug.WriteLine(json.Emit())

' Sample output:
' {
'   "kty": "OKP",
'   "crv": "Ed25519",
'   "x": "SE2Kne5xt51z1eciMH2T2ftDQp96Gl6FhY6zSQujiP0",
'   "d": "O-eRXewadF0sNyB0U9omcnt8Qg2ZmeK3WSXPYgqe570",
'   "use": "sig"
' }

' In the above JWK, x is the public key, y is the private key.
' Both are 32 bytes and are base64-url encoded.


' ----------------------------------------------------------
' Ed25519 in XML Format
' 
Dim ed25519_xml As String = privKey.GetXml()
Debug.WriteLine(ed25519_xml)

' Sample output:  <Ed25519KeyValue>w4b/gI0zgYKgjtfWLjNfc4issmP7Qap84uesYNgEefP/WoY3jNOhOzgTYsMtOnuyGn3MdA4NZtsUXVNI1NiTlA==</Ed25519KeyValue>

' The base64 content is composed of the concatenation of the 32-byte private key with the 32-byte public key and then base64 encoded.
' In other words:  Base64(privKey || pubKey)

' ----------------------------------------------------------
' Ed25519 in Raw Hex Format
' 
Dim sbPubKeyHex As New Chilkat.StringBuilder
Dim privKeyHex As String = privKey.GetRawHex(sbPubKeyHex)

' We should have a 32-byte private key (a 64 character hex string).
Debug.WriteLine("private key = " & privKeyHex)

' We should have a 32-byte public key (a 64 character hex string).
Debug.WriteLine("public key = " & sbPubKeyHex.GetAsString())

' Sample output:
' key type = ed25519
' size in bits = 256
' private key = d4ee72dbf913584ad5b6d8f1f769f8ad3afe7c28cbf1d4fbe097a88f44755842
' public key = 19bf44096984cdfe8541bac167dc3b96c85086aa30b6b6cb0c5c38ad703166e1

 

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