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Visual Basic 6.0 Examples

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(Visual Basic 6.0) OAuth2 Token using IdentityServer4 with Client Credentials

Demonstrates how to get an OAuth2 access token using the client credential flow with IdentityServer4.

Chilkat ActiveX Downloads

ActiveX for 32-bit and 64-bit Windows

' This example assumes the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
' See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

Dim http As New ChilkatHttp

' The first step is to fetch your IdentityServer4's discovery document
' (OpenID Connect defines a discovery mechanism, called OpenID Connect Discovery, where an OpenID server publishes its metadata at a well-known URL, 
' typically https://server.com/.well-known/openid-configuration

Dim resp As ChilkatHttpResponse
Set resp = http.QuickRequest("GET","https://localhost:5000/.well-known/openid-configuration")
If (http.LastMethodSuccess <> 1) Then
    Debug.Print http.LastErrorText
    Exit Sub
End If

If (resp.StatusCode <> 200) Then
    Debug.Print "Received response status code " & resp.StatusCode
    Debug.Print "Response body containing error text or JSON:"
    Debug.Print resp.BodyStr

    Exit Sub
End If

Dim json As New ChilkatJsonObject
Dim success As Long
success = json.Load(resp.BodyStr)

' We have the discovery document, which contains something like this:

' You can use this online tool to generate parsing code from sample JSON: 
' Generate Parsing Code from JSON

' {
'   "issuer": "https://localhost:5000",
'   "jwks_uri": "https://localhost:5000/.well-known/openid-configuration/jwks",
'   "authorization_endpoint": "https://localhost:5000/connect/authorize",
'   "token_endpoint": "https://localhost:5000/connect/token",
'   "userinfo_endpoint": "https://localhost:5000/connect/userinfo",
'   "end_session_endpoint": "https://localhost:5000/connect/endsession",
'   "check_session_iframe": "https://localhost:5000/connect/checksession",
'   "revocation_endpoint": "https://localhost:5000/connect/revocation",
'   "introspection_endpoint": "https://localhost:5000/connect/introspect",
'   "frontchannel_logout_supported": true,
'   "frontchannel_logout_session_supported": true,
'   "backchannel_logout_supported": true,
'   "backchannel_logout_session_supported": true,
'   "scopes_supported": [
'     "openid",
'     "profile",
'     "email",
'     "MyCompany.profile",
'     "MyCompany.Identity.WebApi",
'     "MyCompany.TriHub.WebApi",
'     "offline_access"
'   ],
'   "claims_supported": [
'     "sub",
'     "updated_at",
'     "locale",
'     "zoneinfo",
'     "birthdate",
'     "gender",
'     "website",
'     "profile",
'     "preferred_username",
'     "nickname",
'     "middle_name",
'     "given_name",
'     "family_name",
'     "name",
'     "picture",
'     "email_verified",
'     "email",
'     "userId",
'     "groups",
'     "fullname"
'   ],
'   "grant_types_supported": [
'     "authorization_code",
'     "client_credentials",
'     "refresh_token",
'     "implicit",
'     "password"
'   ],
'   "response_types_supported": [
'     "code",
'     "token",
'     "id_token",
'     "id_token token",
'     "code id_token",
'     "code token",
'     "code id_token token"
'   ],
'   "response_modes_supported": [
'     "form_post",
'     "query",
'     "fragment"
'   ],
'   "token_endpoint_auth_methods_supported": [
'     "client_secret_basic",
'     "client_secret_post"
'   ],
'   "subject_types_supported": [
'     "public"
'   ],
'   "id_token_signing_alg_values_supported": [
'     "RS256"
'   ],
'   "code_challenge_methods_supported": [
'     "plain",
'     "S256"
'   ]
' }
' 

' The next steps are to (1) get the token_endpoint,
' and (2) verify that the client_credentials grant type is supported.

Dim tokenEndpoint As String
tokenEndpoint = json.StringOf("token_endpoint")

Dim grantTypes As ChilkatJsonArray
Set grantTypes = json.ArrayOf("grant_types_supported")
Dim clientCredentialsIdx As Long
clientCredentialsIdx = grantTypes.FindString("client_credentials",1)

' If clientCredentialsIdx is less then zero (-1) then the "client_credentials" string was not found.
If (clientCredentialsIdx < 0) Then
    Debug.Print "The client credentials grant type is not supported."
    Exit Sub
End If

' Request the access token using our Client ID and Client Secret.
' We're going to duplicate this CURL statement:

' curl --request POST \
'   --url '<tokenEndpoint>' \
'   --header 'content-type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded' \
'   --data 'grant_type=client_credentials&client_id=CLIENT_ID&client_secret=CLIENT_SECRET'

Dim req As New ChilkatHttpRequest
req.HttpVerb = "POST"
req.AddParam "grant_type","client_credentials"
req.AddParam "client_id","CLIENT_ID"
req.AddParam "client_secret","CLIENT_SECRET"

Set resp = http.PostUrlEncoded(tokenEndpoint,req)
If (http.LastMethodSuccess = 0) Then
    Debug.Print http.LastErrorText
    Exit Sub
End If

' Make sure we got a 200 response status code, otherwise it's an error.
If (resp.StatusCode <> 200) Then
    Debug.Print "POST to token endpoint failed."
    Debug.Print "Received response status code " & resp.StatusCode
    Debug.Print "Response body containing error text or JSON:"
    Debug.Print resp.BodyStr

    Exit Sub
End If

success = json.Load(resp.BodyStr)

' Our JSON response should contain this:
' {
'   "access_token":"eyJz93a...k4laUWw",
'   "token_type":"Bearer",
'   "expires_in":86400
' }

' Get the access token:
Dim accessToken As String
accessToken = json.StringOf("access_token")

' The access token is what gets added to "Authorization: Bearer <access_token>"
' for the subsequent REST API calls..

 

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