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SQL Server Examples

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(SQL Server) Send Email Asynchronously using a Task

Send email asynchronously using the task object. Any Chilkat method (in any class/object) that involves network communications or lengthy processing will have an asynchronous version of the method. The asynchronous method has the same name as the synchronous method, but ends in "Async" and returns a Task object. The Task object can be run asynchronously on Chilkat's background thread pool.

Chilkat ActiveX Downloads

ActiveX for 32-bit and 64-bit Windows

CREATE PROCEDURE ChilkatSample
AS
BEGIN
    DECLARE @hr int
    DECLARE @iTmp0 int
    DECLARE @sTmp0 nvarchar(4000)
    -- This example requires the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
    -- See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

    -- The mailman object is used for sending and receiving email.
    DECLARE @mailman int
    EXEC @hr = sp_OACreate 'Chilkat_9_5_0.MailMan', @mailman OUT
    IF @hr <> 0
    BEGIN
        PRINT 'Failed to create ActiveX component'
        RETURN
    END

    -- Set the SMTP server and any required settings.
    EXEC sp_OASetProperty @mailman, 'SmtpHost', 'smtp.mymailserver.com'
    EXEC sp_OASetProperty @mailman, 'SmtpUsername', 'myLogin'
    EXEC sp_OASetProperty @mailman, 'SmtpPassword', 'myPassword'
    EXEC sp_OASetProperty @mailman, 'StartTLS', 1

    -- Create a new email object
    DECLARE @email int
    EXEC @hr = sp_OACreate 'Chilkat_9_5_0.Email', @email OUT

    EXEC sp_OASetProperty @email, 'Subject', 'This is a test'
    EXEC sp_OASetProperty @email, 'Body', 'This is a test'
    EXEC sp_OASetProperty @email, 'From', 'Chilkat Support <support@chilkatsoft.com>'
    DECLARE @success int
    EXEC sp_OAMethod @email, 'AddTo', @success OUT, 'Chilkat Admin', 'admin@chilkatsoft.com'

    -- Call the async version of the SendEmail method to return a task object.
    -- The task object is loaded, but is in the Inert state -- meaning it is
    -- not yet scheduled to run on Chilkat's background thread pool.
    DECLARE @task int
    EXEC sp_OAMethod @mailman, 'SendEmailAsync', @task OUT, @email
    EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @mailman, 'LastMethodSuccess', @iTmp0 OUT
    IF @iTmp0 = 0
      BEGIN
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @mailman, 'LastErrorText', @sTmp0 OUT
        PRINT @sTmp0
        EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @mailman
        EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @email
        RETURN
      END

    -- Schedule the task for running on the thread pool.  This changes the task's state
    -- from Inert to Live.
    EXEC sp_OAMethod @task, 'Run', @success OUT
    IF @success <> 1
      BEGIN
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @task, 'LastErrorText', @sTmp0 OUT
        PRINT @sTmp0
        EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @task

        EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @mailman
        EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @email
        RETURN
      END

    -- The application is now free to do anything else
    -- while the email is being sent.

    -- For this example, we'll simply sleep and periodically
    -- check to see if the SendEmail if finished.  While checking
    -- however, we'll report on the progress.
    DECLARE @curPctDone int
    SELECT @curPctDone = 0
    EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @task, 'Finished', @iTmp0 OUT
    WHILE @iTmp0 <> 1
      BEGIN

        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @task, 'PercentDone', @iTmp0 OUT
        IF @iTmp0 <> @curPctDone
          BEGIN
            EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @task, 'PercentDone', @curPctDone OUT

            PRINT @curPctDone + ' percent done'
          END

        -- Sleep 100 ms.
        EXEC sp_OAMethod @task, 'SleepMs', NULL, 100

      END

    -- A finished task could be one that was canceled, aborted, or truly finished.  

    -- If the task was "canceled", it was canceled prior to actually starting.  This could
    -- happen if the task was canceled while waiting in a thread pool queue to be scheduled by Chilkat's
    -- background thread pool scheduler.  

    -- If the task was "aborted", it indicates that it was canceled while running in a background thread.  
    -- The ResultErrorText will likely indicate that the task was aborted.

    -- If the task "completed", then it ran to completion, but the actual success/failure of the method
    -- is determined by the result obtained via a GetResult* method.  (A "completed" task will
    -- have a StatusInt equal to 7.   If the task finished, but was not completed, then it must've
    -- been aborted or canceled:
    EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @task, 'StatusInt', @iTmp0 OUT
    IF @iTmp0 <> 7
      BEGIN

        PRINT 'Task did not complete.'

        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @task, 'Status', @sTmp0 OUT
        PRINT 'task status: ' + @sTmp0
        EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @task

        EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @mailman
        EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @email
        RETURN
      END

    -- The SendEmail method returns a boolean.  Therefore, after the task is finished,
    -- we can get the boolean result by calling GetResultBool.  This is the return value had
    -- we called SendEmail synchronously.
    EXEC sp_OAMethod @task, 'GetResultBool', @success OUT
    IF @success <> 1
      BEGIN
        -- The task's ResultErrorText contains what would have been in the LastErrorText property had
        -- the SendEmail method been called synchronously.
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @task, 'ResultErrorText', @sTmp0 OUT
        PRINT @sTmp0
      END
    ELSE
      BEGIN

        PRINT 'Email sent asynchronously.'
      END

    EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @task

    EXEC sp_OAMethod @mailman, 'CloseSmtpConnection', @success OUT
    IF @success <> 1
      BEGIN

        PRINT 'Connection to SMTP server not closed cleanly.'

      END

    EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @mailman
    EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @email


END
GO

 

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