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(PHP Extension) Using the ASN.1 API to Create a Certificate Request (CSR)

Note: This example requires Chilkat v9.5.0.50 or greater.

This example demonstrates how to use the Chilkat ASN.1 API to create a certificate signing request. The purpose of this example is to show, in general, how to use the ASN.1 methods to create an ASN.1 document and save to DER. There may be more concise ways of creating a CSR rather than using the lower-level ASN.1 methods presented here. The hope is that this example will enable developers to create many different kinds of ASN.1 structures/documents for which no other means exist.

This example will create ASN.1 having this structure and content:

Chilkat PHP Downloads

PHP Extension for Windows, Linux, MAC OS X,
Alpine Linux, Solaris, OpenBSD, FreeBSD,
and Linux armhf/aarch64

<?php

// The version number (9_5_0) should match version of the Chilkat extension used, omitting the micro-version number.
// For example, if using Chilkat v9.5.0.48, then include as shown here:
include("chilkat_9_5_0.php");

//  Starting in v9.5.0.49, all Chilkat classes can be unlocked at once at the beginning of a program
//  by calling UnlockBundle.  It requires a Bundle unlock code.
$chilkatGlob = new CkGlobal();
$success = $chilkatGlob->UnlockBundle('Anything for 30-day trial.');
if ($success != true) {
    print $chilkatGlob->lastErrorText() . "\n";
    exit;
}

//  A new ASN.1 object is automatically a SEQUENCE.
//  Given that the CSR's root item is a SEQUENCE, we can use
//  this as the root of our CSR.
$asnRoot = new CkAsn();

//  Beneath the root, we have a SEQUENCE (the certificate request info),
//  another SEQUENCE (the algorithm identifier), and a BITSTRING (this signature data)

$success = $asnRoot->AppendSequence();
$success = $asnRoot->AppendSequence();
$success = $asnRoot->AppendBits('1D2472B15C7129850E6C68C7435ED35508A92B03A8780BF979874D7270ADEE83849499C1BBC4B4E2B41B7F9DAF816CD755AE50DB79A9C2ECC796BCBA4E06E80287333BA12EC27B5D98E09905C6102A58438982DF24F7668086A485DBC3E88FDE598411781A40BD13C792C597FA2429B298C08A8D8B229638C8FB651FF0C5683F643191B39E71BA878B0C9FD94457FD6C8F8868251DD58ADF61C1C89771BCEC0BFEAF8F58570A910D3D150D5EEE2E0AA7DBD5C8D4FA5550D08F4069FDA7F797E90A3BBE90DA3F26D1B40D91ED72CA8D0685F685D678252ACB586F25A73D4053B6F7B39BD5A9691CFA19EE65A212E2708C13E28BA6BD33D1B7D27528DFD9418B5C','hex');

//  ----------------------------------
//  Build the Certificate Request Info
//  ----------------------------------
// asnCertReqInfo is a CkAsn
$asnCertReqInfo = $asnRoot->GetSubItem(0);
$success = $asnCertReqInfo->AppendInt(0);

//  Build the Subject part of the Certificate Request Info
// asnCertSubject is a CkAsn
$asnCertSubject = $asnCertReqInfo->AppendSequenceR();

//  Add each subject part..
// asnTemp is a CkAsn
$asnTemp = $asnCertSubject->AppendSetR();
$success = $asnTemp->AppendSequence2();
//  AppendSequence2 updates the internal reference to the newly appended SEQUENCE.
//  The OID and printable string are added to the SEQUENCE.
$success = $asnTemp->AppendOid('2.5.4.6');
$success = $asnTemp->AppendString('printable','US');

// asnTemp is a CkAsn
$asnTemp = $asnCertSubject->AppendSetR();
$success = $asnTemp->AppendSequence2();
$success = $asnTemp->AppendOid('2.5.4.8');
$success = $asnTemp->AppendString('utf8','Utah');

// asnTemp is a CkAsn
$asnTemp = $asnCertSubject->AppendSetR();
$success = $asnTemp->AppendSequence2();
$success = $asnTemp->AppendOid('2.5.4.7');
$success = $asnTemp->AppendString('utf8','Lindon');

// asnTemp is a CkAsn
$asnTemp = $asnCertSubject->AppendSetR();
$success = $asnTemp->AppendSequence2();
$success = $asnTemp->AppendOid('2.5.4.10');
$success = $asnTemp->AppendString('utf8','DigiCert Inc.');

// asnTemp is a CkAsn
$asnTemp = $asnCertSubject->AppendSetR();
$success = $asnTemp->AppendSequence2();
$success = $asnTemp->AppendOid('2.5.4.11');
$success = $asnTemp->AppendString('utf8','DigiCert');

// asnTemp is a CkAsn
$asnTemp = $asnCertSubject->AppendSetR();
$success = $asnTemp->AppendSequence2();
$success = $asnTemp->AppendOid('2.5.4.3');
$success = $asnTemp->AppendString('utf8','example.digicert.com');

//  Build the Public Key Info part of the Certificate Request Info
// asnPubKeyInfo is a CkAsn
$asnPubKeyInfo = $asnCertReqInfo->AppendSequenceR();

// asnPubKeyAlgId is a CkAsn
$asnPubKeyAlgId = $asnPubKeyInfo->AppendSequenceR();
$success = $asnPubKeyAlgId->AppendOid('1.2.840.113549.1.1.1');
$success = $asnPubKeyAlgId->AppendNull();

//  The public key itself is a BIT STRING, but the bit string is composed of ASN.1
//  for the RSA public key.  We'll first build the RSA ASN.1 for the public key
//  (containing the 2048 bit modulus and exponent), and encoded it to DER, and then add
//  the DER bytes as a BIT STRING (as a sub-item of asnPubKeyInfo)

//  This is already a SEQUENCE..
$asnRsaKey = new CkAsn();

//  The RSA modulus is a big integer.
$success = $asnRsaKey->AppendBigInt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hex');
$success = $asnRsaKey->AppendInt(65537);

$rsaKeyDerBase64 = $asnRsaKey->getEncodedDer('base64');

//  Now add the RSA key DER as a BIT STRING.
$success = $asnPubKeyInfo->AppendBits($rsaKeyDerBase64,'base64');

//  The last part of the certificate request info is an empty context-specific constructed item
//  with a tag equal to 0.
$success = $asnCertReqInfo->AppendContextConstructed(0);

//  ----------------------------------
//  Finally, add the algorithm identifier, which is the 2nd sub-item under the root.
//  ----------------------------------
// asnAlgId is a CkAsn
$asnAlgId = $asnRoot->GetSubItem(1);
$success = $asnAlgId->AppendOid('1.2.840.113549.1.1.5');
$success = $asnAlgId->AppendNull();

//  Write the CSR to a DER encoded binary file:
$success = $asnRoot->WriteBinaryDer('qa_output/csr.der');
if ($success != true) {
    print $asnRoot->lastErrorText() . "\n";
    exit;
}

//  It is also possible to get the CSR in base64 format:
$csrBase64 = $asnRoot->getEncodedDer('base64');

print 'Base64 CSR:' . "\n";
print $csrBase64 . "\n";

//  To emit as PEM:
//  (Note: The pem.AddItem method was added in Chilkat v9.5.0.59)
$pem = new CkPem();
$pem->AddItem('csr','base64',$csrBase64);
print 'PEM:' . "\n";
print $pem->toPem() . "\n";

?>

 

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