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(Mono C#) JWE using RSAES-PKCS1-v1_5 and AES_128_CBC_HMAC_SHA_256

This example duplicates the example A.2 in RFC 7516 for JSON Web Encryption (JWE).

Note: This example requires Chilkat v9.5.0.66 or greater.

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//  This requires the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
//  See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

//  Note: This example requires Chilkat v9.5.0.66 or greater.

bool success;
string plaintext = "Live long and prosper.";

//  First build the JWE Protected Header.
//  We want to build this: {"alg":"RSA1_5","enc":"A128CBC-HS256"}
Chilkat.JsonObject jweProtHdr = new Chilkat.JsonObject();
jweProtHdr.AppendString("alg","RSA1_5");
jweProtHdr.AppendString("enc","A128CBC-HS256");
Console.WriteLine("JWE Protected Header: " + jweProtHdr.Emit());
Console.WriteLine("--");

//  The specific RSA key used in the A.2 example is the following JWK:
Chilkat.StringBuilder sbJwk = new Chilkat.StringBuilder();
sbJwk.Append("{\"kty\":\"RSA\",");
sbJwk.Append("\"n\":\"sXchDaQebHnPiGvyDOAT4saGEUetSyo9MKLOoWFsueri23bOdgWp4Dy1Wl");
sbJwk.Append("UzewbgBHod5pcM9H95GQRV3JDXboIRROSBigeC5yjU1hGzHHyXss8UDpre");
sbJwk.Append("cbAYxknTcQkhslANGRUZmdTOQ5qTRsLAt6BTYuyvVRdhS8exSZEy_c4gs_");
sbJwk.Append("7svlJJQ4H9_NxsiIoLwAEk7-Q3UXERGYw_75IDrGA84-lA_-Ct4eTlXHBI");
sbJwk.Append("Y2EaV7t7LjJaynVJCpkv4LKjTTAumiGUIuQhrNhZLuF_RJLqHpM2kgWFLU");
sbJwk.Append("7-VTdL1VbC2tejvcI2BlMkEpk1BzBZI0KQB0GaDWFLN-aEAw3vRw\",");
sbJwk.Append("\"e\":\"AQAB\",");
sbJwk.Append("\"d\":\"VFCWOqXr8nvZNyaaJLXdnNPXZKRaWCjkU5Q2egQQpTBMwhprMzWzpR8Sxq");
sbJwk.Append("1OPThh_J6MUD8Z35wky9b8eEO0pwNS8xlh1lOFRRBoNqDIKVOku0aZb-ry");
sbJwk.Append("nq8cxjDTLZQ6Fz7jSjR1Klop-YKaUHc9GsEofQqYruPhzSA-QgajZGPbE_");
sbJwk.Append("0ZaVDJHfyd7UUBUKunFMScbflYAAOYJqVIVwaYR5zWEEceUjNnTNo_CVSj");
sbJwk.Append("-VvXLO5VZfCUAVLgW4dpf1SrtZjSt34YLsRarSb127reG_DUwg9Ch-Kyvj");
sbJwk.Append("T1SkHgUWRVGcyly7uvVGRSDwsXypdrNinPA4jlhoNdizK2zF2CWQ\",");
sbJwk.Append("\"p\":\"9gY2w6I6S6L0juEKsbeDAwpd9WMfgqFoeA9vEyEUuk4kLwBKcoe1x4HG68");
sbJwk.Append("ik918hdDSE9vDQSccA3xXHOAFOPJ8R9EeIAbTi1VwBYnbTp87X-xcPWlEP");
sbJwk.Append("krdoUKW60tgs1aNd_Nnc9LEVVPMS390zbFxt8TN_biaBgelNgbC95sM\",");
sbJwk.Append("\"q\":\"uKlCKvKv_ZJMVcdIs5vVSU_6cPtYI1ljWytExV_skstvRSNi9r66jdd9-y");
sbJwk.Append("BhVfuG4shsp2j7rGnIio901RBeHo6TPKWVVykPu1iYhQXw1jIABfw-MVsN");
sbJwk.Append("-3bQ76WLdt2SDxsHs7q7zPyUyHXmps7ycZ5c72wGkUwNOjYelmkiNS0\",");
sbJwk.Append("\"dp\":\"w0kZbV63cVRvVX6yk3C8cMxo2qCM4Y8nsq1lmMSYhG4EcL6FWbX5h9yuv");
sbJwk.Append("ngs4iLEFk6eALoUS4vIWEwcL4txw9LsWH_zKI-hwoReoP77cOdSL4AVcra");
sbJwk.Append("Hawlkpyd2TWjE5evgbhWtOxnZee3cXJBkAi64Ik6jZxbvk-RR3pEhnCs\",");
sbJwk.Append("\"dq\":\"o_8V14SezckO6CNLKs_btPdFiO9_kC1DsuUTd2LAfIIVeMZ7jn1Gus_Ff");
sbJwk.Append("7B7IVx3p5KuBGOVF8L-qifLb6nQnLysgHDh132NDioZkhH7mI7hPG-PYE_");
sbJwk.Append("odApKdnqECHWw0J-F0JWnUd6D2B_1TvF9mXA2Qx-iGYn8OVV1Bsmp6qU\",");
sbJwk.Append("\"qi\":\"eNho5yRBEBxhGBtQRww9QirZsB66TrfFReG_CcteI1aCneT0ELGhYlRlC");
sbJwk.Append("tUkTRclIfuEPmNsNDPbLoLqqCVznFbvdB7x-Tl-m0l_eFTj2KiqwGqE9PZ");
sbJwk.Append("B9nNTwMVvH3VRRSLWACvPnSiwP8N5Usy-WRXS-V7TbpxIhvepTfE0NNo\"");
sbJwk.Append("}");

//  Load this JWK into a Chilkat private key object.
Chilkat.PrivateKey rsaPrivKey = new Chilkat.PrivateKey();
success = rsaPrivKey.LoadJwk(sbJwk.GetAsString());
if (success != true) {
    Console.WriteLine(rsaPrivKey.LastErrorText);
    return;
}

//  The public key is used to encrypt (i.e. create the JWE),
//  and the private key is used to decrypt.
//  The RSA public key is simply a subset of the private key.  The RSA public key
//  is composed of the "n" and "e" members shown above.  These are also known as the
//  modulus and exponent.
//  We can simply get the public key object from the private key object
Chilkat.PublicKey rsaPubKey = rsaPrivKey.GetPublicKey();

//  Create the JWE...
Chilkat.Jwe jwe = new Chilkat.Jwe();
jwe.SetProtectedHeader(jweProtHdr);
jwe.SetPublicKey(0,rsaPubKey);

string strJwe = jwe.Encrypt(plaintext,"utf-8");
if (jwe.LastMethodSuccess != true) {
    Console.WriteLine(jwe.LastErrorText);
    return;
}

//  Show the JWE we just created:
Console.WriteLine(strJwe);

//  Note: The RSA PKCS1_V1_5 padding uses random value, and the results
//  will be different each time.  However, each result should be successfully
//  decrypting if using the correct RSA private key.

//  Let's decrypt the JWE that was just produced.
//  Do the following to decrypt a JWE:
//  1) Load the JWE.
//  2) Set the private key for decryption.
//  3) Decrypt.
Chilkat.Jwe jwe2 = new Chilkat.Jwe();
success = jwe2.LoadJwe(strJwe);
if (success != true) {
    Console.WriteLine(jwe2.LastErrorText);
    return;
}

//  Provide the RSA private key for decryption.
//  (The JWE was encrypted for a single recipient at index 0.)
jwe2.SetPrivateKey(0,rsaPrivKey);

//  Decrypt.
string originalPlaintext = jwe2.Decrypt(0,"utf-8");
if (jwe2.LastMethodSuccess != true) {
    Console.WriteLine(jwe2.LastErrorText);
    return;
}

Console.WriteLine("original text: ");
Console.WriteLine(originalPlaintext);

//  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//  It should also be possible to decrypt the JWE as shown in RFC 7516, Appendix A.2.7
//  because it was produced using the same RSA key.

Chilkat.StringBuilder sbJwe = new Chilkat.StringBuilder();
sbJwe.Append("eyJhbGciOiJSU0ExXzUiLCJlbmMiOiJBMTI4Q0JDLUhTMjU2In0.");
sbJwe.Append("UGhIOguC7IuEvf_NPVaXsGMoLOmwvc1GyqlIKOK1nN94nHPoltGRhWhw7Zx0-kFm");
sbJwe.Append("1NJn8LE9XShH59_i8J0PH5ZZyNfGy2xGdULU7sHNF6Gp2vPLgNZ__deLKxGHZ7Pc");
sbJwe.Append("HALUzoOegEI-8E66jX2E4zyJKx-YxzZIItRzC5hlRirb6Y5Cl_p-ko3YvkkysZIF");
sbJwe.Append("NPccxRU7qve1WYPxqbb2Yw8kZqa2rMWI5ng8OtvzlV7elprCbuPhcCdZ6XDP0_F8");
sbJwe.Append("rkXds2vE4X-ncOIM8hAYHHi29NX0mcKiRaD0-D-ljQTP-cFPgwCp6X-nZZd9OHBv");
sbJwe.Append("-B3oWh2TbqmScqXMR4gp_A.");
sbJwe.Append("AxY8DCtDaGlsbGljb3RoZQ.");
sbJwe.Append("KDlTtXchhZTGufMYmOYGS4HffxPSUrfmqCHXaI9wOGY.");
sbJwe.Append("9hH0vgRfYgPnAHOd8stkvw");

success = jwe2.LoadJweSb(sbJwe);
if (success != true) {
    Console.WriteLine(jwe2.LastErrorText);
    return;
}

//  Provide the RSA private key for decryption.
jwe2.SetPrivateKey(0,rsaPrivKey);

//  Decrypt.
originalPlaintext = jwe2.Decrypt(0,"utf-8");
if (jwe2.LastMethodSuccess != true) {
    Console.WriteLine(jwe2.LastErrorText);
    return;
}

Console.WriteLine(originalPlaintext);

 

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