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(Excel) Shopify OAuth2 Authentication

Demonstrates obtaining an access token for a Shopify application using OAuth2 authentication. This example is for non-web-apps, and requires that a browser window be displayed to get authorization from the user.

A web-based application would not obtain an OAuth2 token in this way, because the redirect URL would route back to the web application.

Note: Once an access token is in hand, the remainder of the Chilkat examples, which use an already-obtained access token, apply to both web and non-web apps.

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' This example requires the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
' See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

Dim oauth2 As Chilkat.OAuth2
Set oauth2 = Chilkat.NewOAuth2

' This should be the port in the localhost callback URL for your app.  
' The callback URL would look like "http://localhost:3017/" if the port number is 3017.
' Make sure that "http://localhost:3017/" is listed in your Whitelisted Redirection URLs for your Shopify app.
oauth2.ListenPort = 3017

' The full content of the Authorization Endpoin for Shopify looks like this:
' https://{shop}.myshopify.com/admin/oauth/authorize?client_id={api_key}&scope={scopes}&redirect_uri={redirect_uri}&state={nonce}&grant_options[]={option}

' Replace "chilkat" with your shop name.
oauth2.AuthorizationEndpoint = "https://chilkat.myshopify.com/admin/oauth/authorize"
oauth2.TokenEndpoint = "https://chilkat.myshopify.com/admin/oauth/access_token"

' Replace these with actual values.
oauth2.ClientId = "SHOPIFY_API_KEY"
oauth2.ClientSecret = "SHOPIFY_API_SECRET_KEY"

oauth2.CodeChallenge = True
oauth2.CodeChallengeMethod = "S256"

' Set requested scopes.  See https://help.shopify.com/api/getting-started/authentication/oauth
oauth2.Scope = "read_product_listings,read_customers,read_orders,read_draft_orders"

' Begin the OAuth2 three-legged flow.  This returns a URL that should be loaded in a browser.

url = oauth2.StartAuth()
If (oauth2.LastMethodSuccess <> True) Then
    Debug.Print oauth2.LastErrorText
    Exit Sub
End If

Debug.Print "url: "; url

' At this point, your application should load the URL in a browser.
' For example, 
' in C#: System.Diagnostics.Process.Start(url);
' in Java: Desktop.getDesktop().browse(new URI(url));
' in VBScript: Set wsh=WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
'              wsh.Run url
' in Xojo: ShowURL(url)  (see http://docs.xojo.com/index.php/ShowURL)
' in Dataflex: Runprogram Background "c:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\iexplore.exe" sUrl        
' The Google account owner would interactively accept or deny the authorization request.

' Add the code to load the url in a web browser here...
' Add the code to load the url in a web browser here...
' Add the code to load the url in a web browser here...
' System.Diagnostics.Process.Start(url);

' Now wait for the authorization.
' We'll wait for a max of 30 seconds.

numMsWaited = 0
Do While (numMsWaited < 30000) And (oauth2.AuthFlowState < 3)
    oauth2.SleepMs 100
    numMsWaited = numMsWaited + 100
Loop

' If there was no response from the browser within 30 seconds, then 
' the AuthFlowState will be equal to 1 or 2.
' 1: Waiting for Redirect. The OAuth2 background thread is waiting to receive the redirect HTTP request from the browser.
' 2: Waiting for Final Response. The OAuth2 background thread is waiting for the final access token response.
' In that case, cancel the background task started in the call to StartAuth.
If (oauth2.AuthFlowState < 3) Then
    Dim success As Boolean
    success = oauth2.Cancel()
    Debug.Print "No response from the browser!"
    Exit Sub
End If

' Check the AuthFlowState to see if authorization was granted, denied, or if some error occurred
' The possible AuthFlowState values are:
' 3: Completed with Success. The OAuth2 flow has completed, the background thread exited, and the successful JSON response is available in AccessTokenResponse property.
' 4: Completed with Access Denied. The OAuth2 flow has completed, the background thread exited, and the error JSON is available in AccessTokenResponse property.
' 5: Failed Prior to Completion. The OAuth2 flow failed to complete, the background thread exited, and the error information is available in the FailureInfo property.
If (oauth2.AuthFlowState = 5) Then
    Debug.Print "OAuth2 failed to complete."
    Debug.Print oauth2.FailureInfo
    Exit Sub
End If

If (oauth2.AuthFlowState = 4) Then
    Debug.Print "OAuth2 authorization was denied."
    Debug.Print oauth2.AccessTokenResponse
    Exit Sub
End If

If (oauth2.AuthFlowState <> 3) Then
    Debug.Print "Unexpected AuthFlowState:"; oauth2.AuthFlowState
    Exit Sub
End If

Debug.Print "OAuth2 authorization granted!"
Debug.Print "Access Token = "; oauth2.AccessToken

' Save the full JSON access token response to a file.
Dim sbJson As Chilkat.StringBuilder
Set sbJson = Chilkat.NewStringBuilder
success = sbJson.Append(oauth2.AccessTokenResponse)
success = sbJson.WriteFile("qa_data/tokens/shopify-access-token.json","utf-8",False)

' The saved JSON response looks like this:

' {
'   "access_token": "1364e43a5332583188cb27bc85469b1f",
'   "scope": "read_product_listings,read_customers,read_orders,read_draft_orders"
' }

 

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