Chilkat Examples

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Delphi ActiveX Examples

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(Delphi ActiveX) JSON Paths

Demonstrates using "Chilkat JSON Paths" to access parts of a JSON document, or to iterate over parts.

This example uses the following JSON document:

{
    "nestedArray" : [
			[
				[1,2,3],
				[4,5,6],
				[7,8,9,10]
			],
			[
				[11,12,13],
				[14,15,16],
				[17,18,19,20]
			],
			[
				[21,22,23],
				[24,25,26],
				[27,28,29,30],
				[31,32,33,34,35,36]
			]
		],

	"nestedObject" : {
		"aaa" : {
			"bb1" : {
				"cc1" : "c1Value",
				"cc2" : "c2Value",
				"cc3" : "c3Value"
			},
			"bb2" : {
				"dd1" : "d1Value",
				"dd2" : "d2Value",
				"dd3" : "d3Value"
			}
		}
	},

	"mixture" : {
		"arrayA" : [  
			{ "fruit": "apple", "animal": "horse", "job": "fireman", "colors": ["red","blue","green"] },
			{ "fruit": "pear", "animal": "plankton", "job": "waiter", "colors": ["yellow","orange","purple"] },
			{ "fruit": "kiwi", "animal": "echidna", "job": "astronaut", "colors": ["magenta","tan","pink"] }
			]
	},


        "name.with.dots" : { "grain" : "oats" }

	
}

Chilkat for Delphi Downloads

Chilkat ActiveX DLL for Delphi

Chilkat non-ActiveX DLL for Delphi

* The examples here use the ActiveX DLL.

uses
    Winapi.Windows, Winapi.Messages, System.SysUtils, System.Variants, System.Classes, Vcl.Graphics,
    Vcl.Controls, Vcl.Forms, Vcl.Dialogs, Vcl.StdCtrls, Chilkat_v9_5_0_TLB;

...

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
var
json: TChilkatJsonObject;
success: Integer;
sz: Integer;
i: Integer;
j: Integer;
k: Integer;
szI: Integer;
szJ: Integer;
szK: Integer;
obj2: IChilkatJsonObject;
arr1: IChilkatJsonArray;
szArr1: Integer;

begin
json := TChilkatJsonObject.Create(Self);
json.EmitCompact := 0;

//  Assume the file contains the data as shown above..
success := json.LoadFile('qa_data/json/pathSample.json');
if (success <> 1) then
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add(json.LastErrorText);
    Exit;
  end;

//  First, let's get the value of "cc1"
//  The path to this value is: nestedObject.aaa.bb1.cc1
Memo1.Lines.Add(json.StringOf('nestedObject.aaa.bb1.cc1'));

//  Now let's get number 18 from the nestedArray.
//  It is located at nestedArray[1][2][1]
//  (remember: Indexing is 0-based)
Memo1.Lines.Add('This should be 18: ' + IntToStr(json.IntOf('nestedArray[1][2][1]')));

//  We can do the same thing in a more roundabout way using the
//  I, J, and K properties.  (The I,J,K properties will be convenient
//  for iterating over arrays, as we'll see later.)
json.I := 1;
json.J := 2;
json.K := 1;
Memo1.Lines.Add('This should be 18: ' + IntToStr(json.IntOf('nestedArray[i][j][k]')));

//  Let's iterate over the array containing the numbers 17, 18, 19, 20.
//  First, use the SizeOfArray method to get the array size:
sz := json.SizeOfArray('nestedArray[1][2]');
//  The size should be 4.
Memo1.Lines.Add('size of array = ' + IntToStr(sz) + ' (should equal 4)');

//  Now iterate...

for i := 0 to sz - 1 do
  begin
    json.I := i;
    Memo1.Lines.Add(IntToStr(json.IntOf('nestedArray[1][2][i]')));
  end;

//  Let's use a triple-nested loop to iterate over the nestedArray:

//  szI should equal 1.
szI := json.SizeOfArray('nestedArray');
for i := 0 to szI - 1 do
  begin
    json.I := i;

    szJ := json.SizeOfArray('nestedArray[i]');
    for j := 0 to szJ - 1 do
      begin
        json.J := j;

        szK := json.SizeOfArray('nestedArray[i][j]');
        for k := 0 to szK - 1 do
          begin
            json.K := k;

            Memo1.Lines.Add(IntToStr(json.IntOf('nestedArray[i][j][k]')));
          end;

      end;

  end;

//  Now let's examine how to navigate to JSON objects contained within JSON arrays.
//  This line of code gets the value "kiwi" contained within "mixture"
Memo1.Lines.Add(json.StringOf('mixture.arrayA[2].fruit'));

//  This line of code gets the color "yellow"
Memo1.Lines.Add(json.StringOf('mixture.arrayA[1].colors[0]'));

//  Getting an object at a path:
//  This gets the 2nd object in "arrayA"
obj2 := json.ObjectOf('mixture.arrayA[1]');
//  This object's "animal" should be "plankton"
Memo1.Lines.Add(obj2.StringOf('animal'));

//  Note that paths are relative to the object, not the absolute root of the JSON document.
//  Starting from obj2, "purple" is at "colors[2]"
Memo1.Lines.Add(obj2.StringOf('colors[2]'));

//  Getting an array at a path:
// This gets the array containing the colors red, green, blue:
arr1 := json.ArrayOf('mixture.array[0].colors');
szArr1 := arr1.Size;
for i := 0 to szArr1 - 1 do
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add(IntToStr(i) + ': ' + arr1.StringAt(i));
  end;

//  The Chilkat JSON path uses ".", "[", and "]" chars for separators.  When a name
//  contains one of these chars, use double-quotes in the path:
Memo1.Lines.Add(json.StringOf('"name.with.dots".grain'));
end;

 

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